Fresh Food and Health

Fresh Food and Health 1

Eat fresh food, safe food

  • In summers, have freshly made food. Consume food within 2-3 hours of preparation.
  • Keep food (when outside the refrigerator) in a cool place and covered
  • In summers even if food is kept in the refrigerators (functioning refrigerator) after preparation, consume it within 5-6 hours of preparation.
  • Only items which are fried and made in lots of oil / ghee like puris, parathas, pokodas can be kept for 15-20 hours.
  • When serving food from the refrigerators or which has been kept for 2-3 hours after cooking, reheat it, preferably bring it to boiling temperature before serving
  • In winters food can be kept for 4-5 hours after preparation.
  • Keep all food covered (house-flies and spread of contagious diseases is a major problem in India). Don’t consume cooked food on which has been exposed to houseflies.

Keep food at safe temperatures :

  • Do not leave cooked food at room temperature for more than 2 hours
  • Refrigerate promptly all cooked and perishable food (preferably below 5°C)
  • Keep cooked food piping hot (more than 60°C) prior to serving
  • Do not store food too long even in the refrigerator


Most of rural India and a large proportion of urban Indians do not have refrigerators. Even amongst those who have refrigerators they may be having immense power cuts making the refrigerators non-functional for several hours in a day in summer. With soaring temperatures in most part of India (& probably), there are many power cuts (load shedding); so effectively the refrigerator is non functional for many hours in a day.( It will depend immensely on the target population, whether in Delhi or other metropolitan cities of India and also on the socio-economic status of the beneficiary )

Many refrigerators especially the older models of refrigerators which people have, have a freezer compartment but not a deep freeze (enough to make ice but not enough to maintain the consistency of ice-cream.)

Even when there is a supply of power, if the refrigerator is opened often as in many households and shops with the outside temperature soaring, the temperatures inside are not very well maintained.


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